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Family Living Focus: Fight off food poisoning

Food Safety for Warmer Weather

In warm-weather months, who does not love to get outside for picnics, backyard gatherings, and of course delicious foods? But high temperatures raise your chance of getting sick from things you eat. Learn how to handle food properly to avoid the misery of food poisoning.

It can be hard to keep foods safe to eat during warmer weather. If you are eating or preparing foods outside, you may have trouble finding places to wash your hands, keep foods cold, or cook at the proper temperature, all of which are important to prevent foodborne illness.

Food poisoning occurs if the foods you eat contain certain microbes or the toxins they produce. You can get sick directly from swallowing the toxins. Or you can get sick if the microbes get into your gut and start to multiply.

Each year, about 1 in 6 Americans get sick from tainted foods. Most foodborne illnesses arise suddenly and last only a short time. But food poisoning sometimes leads to more serious problems. Foodborne diseases kill about 3,000 people nationwide each year. Infants, older people, and those with compromised immune systems are especially at risk.

Many people know the symptoms of food poisoning: vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, or chills. The sickness may be mild or severe. It may last from a few hours to several days. The symptoms and length of illness depend on the type of disease-causing microbe or toxin you have swallowed.

The leading cause of foodborne disease outbreaks in the U.S. is norovirus. This highly contagious virus sickens more than 20 million people nationwide each year, leading to vomiting and diarrhea. Norovirus outbreaks can occur anywhere people gather, or food is served.

You can get norovirus when a sick food handler contaminates your food, possibly by not washing their hands well enough after touching the virus. Swallowing just a little norovirus can make you very sick.

Several types of bacteria can also cause food poisoning. Some foods you buy such as raw meat or fruits and vegetables may already contain bacteria that you need to wash off or cook to destroy. Bacteria can also thrive in certain foods if not stored properly.

Bacteria like Staph andBacillus cereuscan make you sick quickly, within 1 to 7 hours. These bacteria produce fast-acting toxins in foods (such as meat or dairy for Staph, and starchy foods like rice forB. cereus). Keeping such foods refrigerated at 40 °F or colder helps slow or stop the growth of these bacteria.

Other bacteria, such as Salmonella and Campylobacter, do not make you sick until they get in your body and multiply. With these microbes, it can take 12 hours or a few days for you to feel ill. Symptoms can include fever, cramps, and sometimes bloody diarrhea.

When you have a foodborne illness, you usually need to drink plenty of fluids. It is important to see a doctor if you have blood in your stool. If a child seems to have food poisoning, you should have the child seen by a doctor.

Prevent Food Poisoning

• Wash your hands for at least 20 seconds with soapy water before and after handling food and after using the bathroom.

• Wash fruits and vegetables.

• Avoid undercooked seafood, meats, and eggs. For safe cooking temperature, see FoodSafety.gov

• Keep raw meat, poultry, seafood, and their juices away from other foods.

• Keep hot foods hot and cold foods cold. Promptly refrigerate foods that can spoil.

• Use only pasteurized dairy foods, including pasteurized eggs and egg products.

• Report suspected foodborne illness to your local health department to help officials identify and stop potential outbreaks.

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Information adapted from article by The National Institutes of Health, U.S, Department of Health and Human Services in NIH News in Health – July 2014.

If you would like more information on “Fight Off Food Poisoning” contact Gail Gilman, Family Life Consultant, M.Ed., C.F.C.S. and Professor Emeritus University of Minnesota at waldn001@umn.edu. Be sure to watch for more Family Living Focus™ information in next week’s paper.

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