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Economic challenge looms across country

As the United States began the process of “reopening,” there was encouraging news on the economic front. About two weeks ago, nearly 25 million Americans were receiving unemployment benefits, the Labor Department reported. By last Thursday, the number had decreased to about 21.5 million.

We are making progress, then. How long before we are back to “normal?”

Not for a long time, possibly. Along with Thursday’s encouraging report, the Labor Department had some disquieting numbers.

Though the general trend was toward more people going back to work, about 1.9 million filed initial requests for unemployment benefits during the last week of May. What happened to them? A substantial number may have been employed by businesses suffering from a lag in recovery. But some also may have been working for companies that were forced to slash workforces at the height of the COVID-19 epidemic — and have learned they can operate with fewer people than they had on payrolls three months ago.

And undoubtedly, the business contraction in some industries will persist for many months, perhaps years. Our complex economy is not something that can be switched off, then switched back on at full power immediately.

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